The First Persian Empire or The Achaemenid Empire was an empire based in Western Asia, founded by Cyrus the Great. This ancient civilization was a very well-developed and fascinating nation in terms of culture and history.
From 539 BC to 331 BC, the Persian Empire was the most powerful state in the world. Ruled from Persia (now Iran), it stretched from Egypt to India. Cyrus the Great of Persia seized control of territories dominated by the Medes, beginning an empire of his own. A series of campaigns in the west led to the expansion of Persian territory to include Babylon and Lydia.
The Persians Were The First To Maintain a Charter For Human Rights
A 2,500-year-old clay cylinder bears what has been called the world’s “first human rights charter” and was inscribed under the direction of the Persian ruler Cyrus the Great in 539 BCE. The cylinder was written in 539BC on the orders of Cyrus the Great, the founder of the Persian empire, after he conquered Babylon and freed the Jews and other peoples held captive there, while ushering in religious freedom.
Cyrus The Great – The Annointed Of The Lord
Cyrus (580-529 BC) was the first Achaemenid Emperor. He founded Persia by uniting the two original Iranian Tribes- the Medes and the Persians.
Cyrus led several military campaigns against the most powerful kingdoms of the time, including Media, Lydia, and Babylonia. His father was King Cambyses I of Anshan. Cyrus freed the slaves, declared that all people had the right to choose their own religion, and established racial equality. These and other decrees were recorded on a baked-clay cylinder in the Akkadian language with cuneiform script.
Cyrus was upright, a great leader of men, generous and benelovent. The Hellenes, whom he conquered regarded him as ‘Law-giver’ and the Jews as ‘the annointed of the Lord‘.
Prior to his death, he founded a new capital city at Pasargade in Fars. and had established a government for his Empire.
The Capital City Of The Persian Empire Was Persepolis Which Is Situated In Present Day Southern Iran
Persepolis is the Greek name (from perses polis for ‘Persian City‘) for the ancient city of Parsa, located seventy miles northeast of Shiraz in present-day Iran. It was built on an immense half-artificial, half-natural terrace, where the king of kings created an impressive palace complex inspired by Mesopotamian models. The earliest archaeological remains of the city date to c. 515 B.C.E. Persepolis, a Greek toponym meaning “city of the Persians”, was known to the Persians as Pārsa and was an important city of the ancient world, renowned for its monumental art and architecture.
Today, however, Persepolis is a mere shadow of its former self. The grand staircases and remaining colonnades of Tachara Palace (the oldest palace) are among the most intact parts. The Hall of 100 Columns once stood with towering wooden pillars, but the only evidence of them which remains at present is the stone bases.
The Persian Immortals
The elite of the Persian Army was a myriad called the Amrtaka, meaning “immortals.” This part of the army was always kept at full strength, drawing from the best available soldiers. They became part of his military campaigns and contributed in forging the Persian Empire. Even after the death of Cyrus the Great, they found themselves continue to serve his successors, like Cambyses II.
The so-called ‘Immortals’ or Amrtaka (in Old Persian) were the chosen baivarabam of the Persian king, and their scope of ‘immortality’ seemingly stemmed from their constant number – which was always kept at 10,000 (according to Herodotus).
Persians Built The Earliest Known Vertical Axis Windmills
The first windmill that was made from bundles of wood or reeds with the design of the vertical sails was the Persian one and it was attached to the vertical central shaft by struts that were horizontal.
Reeds were bundled together to create vertical paddles that spun around a central axis. Carefully placed exterior walls ensured that wind would primarily drive the potentially bidirectional system in the desired direction. Of course, the use of wind power in sailing predates the inventions of windmills but these are the first known use of wind to automate mechanical/manual everyday tasks.
Persians Were Also Known As Pioneers In Ventilation, Cooling Systems And Refrigeration Technology
In case someone ever tries to argue that ancient human civilizations were less advanced when compared to modern-day humanity, we’ve gathered some examples in favor of the ancients. They were, many a time, ingenious in the type of technology they came up with and employed in their everyday life.
The techniques employed traditionally to climatise buildings and provide cold water and ice for hot summers in iran’s arid regions using solar and wind energy are described. These ingeniously engineered installations was mainly used to store ice and even food items during the rigorous summer months. Interestingly, the then-available technology might have given rise to the famous cold desert ‘Faloodeh‘ from Iranian cuisine.
The Postal Service Was Invented In Ancient Persia
Reliable evidences indicate that the first regular postal system in the world was established in ancient Iran where the horse-riders and horse-drawn wagons carried mail. In Ancient Persia, during the period of 550 BC to 521 BC, a true postal system was developed in Assyria. It is disputed whether it was Cyrus the Great or his successor Darius I, who was responsible. The postal system of Persia was operated by a series of stations.
The service used the system of messengers known as Chapaar in Persian. The messengers rode horses and carried mails. The relay stations were close by so that a horse could run without resting or feeding. These relay stations were post offices or post houses known as Chapaar-Khaneh in Persian.
The First Known Person To Be Diagnosed With Breast Cancer
The first known person to be diagnosed with breast cancer, and to survive it, was Queen Atossa, the daughter of Cyrus the Great and wife of Darius the Great.