Population : Over 5.2 million people live in Norway (2017)
Name : Kingdom of Norway, short: Norway, in Norwegian: Norge
Capital : Oslo
Language : Norwegian
Religion : Mainly Christians
Currency : Norwegian Krone (NOK)
Government : Constitutional Monarchy
National Day : 17 May (Constitution Day)
First at all, little history of Norway. Although modern Norway has only existed for 200 years, the story of the Nordic lands is a long one. The unification of Norway was achieved in 872, the year the Kingdom of Norway was founded, with Harald Fairhair as its first king. From 1319 to 1905, the Kingdom of Norway existed as a union with Denmark, Sweden, or both. As people in the north began to travel on basic wooden skis and use slate tools, the Oslofjord region became suitable for farming thanks to tools and techniques from farther south. The Viking Age was a period of expansion not just for Norway, but the whole Nordic region. The first record of the Vikings was the late 8th-cenutry invasion of Lindisfarne, an island off the northeast coast of England. Norway entered the union with Denmark as a consequence of a Royal marriage in the 14th century. In addition the loss of political power was also effected by the Black Death which killed more than 50% of the Norwegian population. The trading activity was taken over by the Hanseatic liege and for about 200 years they controlled the distribution of fish from Bergen to the Baltic area. Today Norway is a prosperous country and its people have a high standard of living. Norway also escaped the recession of 2009 relatively unscathed. Unemployment in Norway was only 3.1% in 2012 much lower than in most European countries. In 2017 it was 4%. Today the population of Norway is 5.3 million. Now lets see some interesting facts about this lovely coutry.
Norway has 1,190 fjords
The striking landscapes of Fjord Norway were created by a succession of ice ages, and the characteristic landscape hasn’t changed a great deal since people started living here. Ten of which are frequented regularly by cruise ships, it’s not surprising that tourists wonder where to go and which fjords to see.
National dish is Fårikål
In 1927, fårikål was named Norway’s national dish, the form which is used in Norwegian fårikål is meat and cabbage, which are added alternately to a pot. The term får-i-kål, which means lamb in cabbage, is of Danish origin. The word får never took hold in the Norwegian dialect. Instead, the words sau og smale (sheep) are used. Lamb meat is a favorite among many Norwegians, and simmering with cabbage is one of the most popular ways to prepare it.
Traditional folk dance music in Norway
Before 1840, there were limited written sources of folk music in Norway. Originally these historical attainments were believed to have a distinct Christian influence. As research continued, there was also mythical and fairy tale connections to the folk music. Overall the purpose of folk music was for entertainment and dancing. The centre is also participating in documentation and research on traditional Norwegian instruments like the “langeleik” (a traditional fingerboard cither dating back to the Middle Ages) and the “hardingfele” (the Hardanger fiddle). It is a goal to revitalize the traditional playing of the “langeleik”. The “hardingfele” material will be available to individuals through a planned center in the Hardanger and Voss region.
Norwegians most popular holiday country is the Alicante area of Spain
553,000 Norwegians spend this year’s vacation to Spain, according to the survey made by Respons Analyze for SpareBank1. Sunny Spain has always been a popular holiday destination. Norwegians tend to holiday abroad because the price of food and drink, especially alcoholic drink, is considerably less than in Norway.
Land of the Midnight Sun
Travel to the areas above the Arctic Circle in Norway and live these moments yourself. Doing a whale safari or exploring the wilderness inland takes on a new dimension at night in the summer months, when you literally get to see the nature and wildlife in a different light. In the biggest city in northern Norway, Tromsø, the sun doesn’t set for two whole months. Many Norwegians travel to more southern parts of their country at this time.
Active volcanos in Norway
Norway has one active volcano. It is called Beerenberg and is on the island of Jan Mayen. He is located in the Norwegian Sea along the Mid-Atlantic Ridge about 650 km NE of Iceland, consists of two volcanic complexes separated by a narrow isthmus. The large Beerenberg basaltic stratovolcano (Nord-Jan) forms the NE end of the 40-km-long island, which is ringed by high cliffs. Jan Mayen is 53 km long and is dominated by Beerenberg which rises 2277 meters directly from from the ocean. Jan Mayen may already have been known to the Vikings. Even so, its official discovery was only in 1614. One of the co-discovers was captain Jan May; the island was later named after him.
Winter sports in Norway
Norwegian people can’t live without having one or two winter sports as their hobbies. The winter sports season starts in October and lasts until April. Most Popular Winter Sports in Norway are Cross-country skiing, Ski jumping, Biathlon, Alpine/downhill skiing, Snowboarding, Curling, and Ice Hockey. Halfway between Oslo and Bergen, Hemsedal is the largest Norwegian ski resort with 51 downhill slopes, cross-country trails and several excellent terrain parks for snowboarders.
World’s best known classical composer was Edvard Grieg
Edvard Hagerup Grieg, (born June 15, 1843, Bergen, Norway. Died Sept. 4, 1907, Bergen), composer who was a founder of the Norwegian nationalist school of music. Grieg is the most important Norwegian composer of the later 19th century, a period of growing national consciousness. As a child, he was encouraged by the violinist Ole Bull, a friend of his parents, and studied at the Leipzig Conservatory on his suggestion. He was a major figure in the Romantic movement of the 19th Century and incorporated traditional Norwegian folk motifs into his compositions.
Wild animals !
Norway is home to many species of wild animals. Most of the animals in Norway are not dangerous to people, and we can safely use the countryside without being afraid of wild animals. Some animals live in the forests, while others live in the mountains. Such as : Arctic Inhabitant, Bears, Squirrels, Elks, Lyns, Hares, Deer, Reindeer, Roe deer, Foxes, Wolves, Addsers. The North Atlantic Ocean and dense, icy forests provide the habitat for an array of magnificent animals…
World’s nicest prison
Founded in 1982, Bastoy Prison is located on a lush, 1-square-mile island of pine trees and rocky coasts, with views of the ocean that are postcard-worthy. It has been called “the Norwegian prison that works” as well as “the world’s nicest prison. Bastøy Island proved to be a prime spot for incarceration where the natural sea barrier prevented any escape. Each man has his own room and shares the kitchen and other facilities with the other inmates. The prison is located at Bastøy island in the Oslo Fiord.